Social Domain Key Factors and Drivers



The Demographic Factor


The Behaviour Factor


The Social Structure Factor


The Health Factor


The Spatial Distribution Factor


  • “Whilst it is generally accepted that “social factors” play an important role as “transport drivers”, it is frequently not recognised that the reverse is also the case: transport policy can have a significant impact upon social issues (i.e. upon “social capital”). It follows that social issues need to be put at the centre of transport policy-formulation (and not considered simply as exogenous factors for calculating transport demand), being given the same level of importance as economic and environmental issues.” (Ref: CO_5048)

The term “social” refers to the interaction of people with other people and to their collective co-existence, irrespective of whether they are aware of it or not, and irrespective of whether the interaction is voluntary or involuntary. Social factors include the behavioural and cultural aspects of individuals, health consciousness, demographic aspects as well as characteristics, attitudes, orientations, or needs of people.